Road injuries and self-harm, which includes suicides and non-fatal outcomes of self-harm, are the leading contributors to the injury burden in India, says a report compiled by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), Public Heath Foundation of India (PHFI) and Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME).
“Road injuries caused 65% more DALYs (disability-adjusted life year) in 2016 than they did in 1990,” the report said. The DALY is a measure of overall disease burden, expressed as the number of years lost due to ill-health, disability or early death.
The study, which was published in The Lancet journal, is the first comprehensive analysis of the health of India’s 1.34 billion citizens. It estimates key drivers of ill health, disability and premature death in all 29 states, many of which have populations the size of large countries.
Child and maternal malnutrition has continued to be the biggest health hazard in India since 1990, while deteriorating air quality is a close second, according to the report.