News Risk Management12 Sep 2018

Global:Terrorist violence heavily concentrated in four countries

12 Sep 2018

More than half of all terrorism attacks in the world in 2017 took place in four countries-Iraq (23%), Afghanistan (13%), India (9%), and Pakistan (7%), according to the Global Terrorism Database (GTD) compiled by the National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism based at the University of Maryland.

More than half of all deaths took place in three countries: Iraq (24%), Afghanistan (23%) and Syria (8%). The deadliest terrorist attack in 2017 took place in October, in Mogadishu, Somalia. Assailants detonated explosives in a truck near the Safari Hotel. More than 580 people were killed, and more than 300 others were injured.

The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) was responsible for the most terrorist attacks (1,321) and deaths (7,120) in 2017, though it was 10% fewer attacks and 40% fewer deaths than in 2016. The Taliban and al-Shabaab were the next most active with 907 attacks (4,925 deaths) and 573 attacks (1894 deaths) respectively.

With 10,900 terrorist attacks killing more than 26,400 people in 2017, the numbers of terrorist attacks and deaths worldwide have declined for the third consecutive year, compared to when 2014, when terrorist violence peaked at nearly 17,000 attacks and more than 45,000 total deaths.

“While three consecutive years of decreases is encouraging, terrorist violence remains extraordinarily high compared to historical trends,” said GTD program manager Dr Erin Miller. “In the decade prior to the September 11th attacks, the frequency and lethality of terrorist violence worldwide each year was less than one-third of what we saw last year.”

The total number of attacks are as follows:

Region Number of attacks % of total % change from 2016
Middle East & North Africa 3,780 35% -38%
South Asia 3,430 31% - 6%
Sub Saharan Africa 1,970 18% - 5%
Southeast Asia 1,020  9% - 5%
Western Europe  291  3%  + 7%
South America 172 2%  + 8%
Eastern Europe 110 1% -18%
North America  97 1% +29%
Australasia & Oceania 12 0% +20%
Central Asia 7 0% -59%
East Asia 7 0% -13%
Central America & Caribbean 4 0% +33%
Worldwide 10,900 100% -20%

 

The full report can be found here.

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