China is building a database that will cover everyone who is eligible for social insurance, according to the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security. Officials will use the latest technology, including big data, to reach those without social insurance and to ensure universal coverage by 2020, according to the Ministry's Social Insurance Management Centre.
The Ministry launched a four-year campaign aimed at registering all Chinese residents eligible for social insurance in a national database in 2014. This year, efforts will be made to input all the data collected into the database, reported China Daily citing a statement from the Centre.
While big data and the Internet will play a role in locating those not yet registered in the system, the ministry will also promote data exchanges among its employment-related departments and the Ministry of Public Security, the Centre said.
About 900 million people are included in the state-run social endowment insurance system (which is the basic pension system), and more than 1.3 billion are covered by medical insurance at present.
"No matter whether they are urban or rural residents, which region they are from, what their gender is and what their jobs are, all Chinese citizens have a special endowment insurance," the Centre said.
However, the Centre added that it will be challenging to include the remaining 10% in the social endowment insurance system. Those 100 million people are mostly migrant workers in flexible employment, employed in new forms of industry, such as e-commerce or express delivery, or employed by small and medium-sized enterprises.
Research and investigative tours will be made to reach those employed in new forms of industry to find why they have not been covered by the social endowment insurance system and mobilise them to join it.